Publications

Scientific papers

The academic and research partners within our consortium regularly submit scientific and technical publications.

2021

Adamantia Lazou, Casper van der Eijk, Kai Tang, Efthymios Balomenos, Leiv Kolbeinsen, Jafar Safarian, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B volume 52, pages 1255–1266 (2021), The Utilization of Bauxite Residue with a Calcite-Rich Bauxite Ore in the Pedersen Process for Iron and Alumina Extraction, 8th March 2021, https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11663-021-02086-w

Andriani Manataki, Casper van der Eijk and James Mwase, RAWMAT 2021, Simulating the use of a smelter off-gas in the precipitation stage of the Pedersen process, 05-09 September 2021

Andriani Manataki, Casper van der Eijk and James Mwase, Materials proceedings
Simulating the use of a smelter off-gas in the precipitation stage of the Pedersen process, 28 October 2021, https://doi.org/10.3390/materproc2021005008

Danai Marinos, D. Kotsanis, E. Balomenos, D. Panias, RAWMAT 2021, The effect of the concentration of sodium carbonate on carbonation precipitation of sodium aluminate solutions, 6 September 2021

Marinos, Danai; Kotsanis, Dimitrios; Alexandri, Alexandra; Balomenos, Efthymios; Panias, Dimitrios, Crystals Journal (2021), Carbonation of Sodium Aluminate/Sodium Carbonate Solutions for Precipitation of Alumina Hydrates—Avoiding Dawsonite Formation, 20 July 2021, https://zenodo.org/record/5155542#.Yo9vn-5Bzcc

Fabian Imanasa, Supervisor, Jafar Safarian, Thesis, Pyrometallurgical and Hydrometallurgical Treatment of Calcium Aluminate-containing Slags for Alumina Recovery, 12th May 2021, https://ntnuopen.ntnu.no/ntnu-xmlui/handle/11250/2653219

James Mwase, Jafar Safarian, European Metallurgical Conference 2021, Production of Aluminium Tri-hydroxides from Secondary Bauxite Materials, 30th June 2021, https://zenodo.org/record/5012308#.Yo9tde5Bzcc

David KONLECHNER, Roland Koenig,Athina Preveniou, Panagiotis Davris, Efthymios Balomenos, RAWMAT2021, First industrial scale process concept for the reengineered Pedersen Process within ENSUREAL, 05-09 September 2021

David KONLECHNER, Roland Koenig, Athina Preveniou, Panagiotis Davris, Efthymios Balomenos, Materia proceedings, First industrial scale process concept for the reengineered Pedersen Process within ENSUREAL, 28 October 2021, https://www.mdpi.com/2673-4605/5/1/8

Roland König, D. Konlechner, E. Balomenos, A. Lazou, EUROMAT 2021, First results of scale-up of the updated pyrometallurgical-hydrometallurgical Pedersen Process within the HORIZON2020 project ENSUREAL and examples for industrial concept, 14-sep-21

Kai Tang; Casper van der Eijk;  Sylvain Gouttebroze; Qiang Du;  Jafar Safarian, 11th International Conference on Molten Slags, Fluxes and Salts, Rheological Properties of Ternary SiO2-CaO-Al2O3 Silicate System, 21st-25th February 2021, https://www.academia.edu/76648141/Rheological_Properties_of_Ternary_SiO2_CaO_Al2O3_Silicate_System

Casper Van Der Eijk, Innovation Forum, Disrupting Alumina production process: the ENSUREAL project, 30- Nov-2021

Casper Van Der Eijk, Data sheet, Time-temperature: Bauxite from Jamaica and CaO, 6th March 2021, https://zenodo.org/record/4587443#.Yo9qdO5Bzcc

2020

Azof, F.I., Tang, K., You, J. et al.Synthesis and Characterization of 12CaO·7Al2O3 Slags: The Effects of Impurities and Atmospheres on the Phase Relations” Metall Mater Trans B 51, 2689–2710 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11663-020-01969-8

Fabian Imanasa Azof, Michail Vafeias, Dimitrios Panias, Jafar Safarian “The leachability of a ternary CaO-Al2O3-SiO2 slag produced from smelting-reduction of low-grade bauxite for alumina recovery” Hydrometallurgy, Volume 191, 2020,105184, ISSN 0304-386X,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hydromet.2019.105184

Fabian Imanasa Azof, Jafar Safarian “Leaching kinetics and mechanism of slag produced from smelting-reduction of bauxite for alumina recovery” Hydrometallurgy, Volume 195, 2020, 105388, ISSN 0304-386X, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hydromet.2020.105388

James Mwase, & Jafar Safarian. (2020). Investigating the leaching, desilication and precipitation of aluminium tri-hydroxides from a bauxite residue-bauxite by-product slag. Presented at the 38th International ICSOBA Conference (ICSOBA), Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4596694 

Konlechner, David, Vafeias, Michal, Marinos, Danai, & Mwase, James (2020) First industrial scale mass balance data for the reengineered pedersen process developed within the EU funded project ENSUREAL. Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4288453

Lazou, Adamantia, Van der Eijk, Casper, Balomenos, Efthymios, Kolbeinsen, Leiv, & Safarian, Jafar (2020) High temperature smelting reduction of bauxite residue and a CaCO3-rich bauxite for aluminate slag production and pig iron recovery. Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4286238

Lazou, A., van der Eijk, C., Balomenos, E. et al. “On the Direct Reduction Phenomena of Bauxite Ore Using H2 Gas in a Fixed Bed Reactor”J. Sustain. Metall. 6, 227–238 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40831-020-00268-5

James Mwase;  Jafar Safarian, ISCOBA. Investigating the leaching, desilication and precipitation of aluminium tri-hydroxides from a bauxite residue-bauxite by-product slag, 16 – 18 November 2020, https://icsoba.org/assets/files/publications/2020/BR06S.pdf

2019

Adamantia Lazou, Casper van der Eijk, Jafar Safarian “Smelting reduction of bauxite residue and beneficiation by-product in view of a leachable slag and pig Iron production” 10th European Metallurgical Conference, EMC 2019

Fabian Imanasa Azof, Yongxiang Yang, Dimitrios Panias, Leiv Kolbeinsen, Jafar Safarian “Leaching characteristics and mechanism of the synthetic calcium-aluminate slags for alumina recovery” Hydrometallurgy, Volume 185, 2019, Pages 273-290, ISSN 0304-386X, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hydromet.2019.03.006

2018

Ksiazek Michal Tomasz, Ringdalen Eli, van der Eijk C, Høgaas Per Helge “Iron removal from bauxite ores” Proceedings of  2nd “Bauxite Residue Valorisation and Best Practices” conference. Download

Vafeias, Michail, Marinos, Danai, Panias, Dimitrios, & Safarian, Jafar (2018) “From red to grey: revisiting the Pedersen process to achieve holistic bauxite ore utilisation (Version Final)” Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3235325

Research leading up to ENSUREAL

2017

Fabian Imanasa Azof, Leiv Kolbeinsen and Jafar Safarian, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Trondheim, Norway: “The Leachability of Calcium Aluminate Phases in Slags for the Extraction of Alumina”, Travaux 46, Proceedings of 35th International ICSOBA Conference. Download

Hanne Sellaeg, Leiv Kolbeinsen, and Jafar Safarian, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway, on “Iron Separation from Bauxite Through Smelting-Reduction Process Download

2016

Jafar Safarian and Leiv Kolbeinsen, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway, on “Smelting –Reduction of Bauxite for Sustainable Alumina Production”, and “Sustainability in Alumina Production from Bauxite within the 2016 SUSTAINABLE INDUSTRIAL PROCESSING SUMMIT AND EXHIBITION Volume 5: Starkey Intl. Symp. / Mineral Processing Edited by: F. Kongoli, P. Kumar, A. Senchenko, B. Klein, A.C. Silva, C. Sun, W. Mingan, FLOGEN, 2016(http://www.flogen.org/sips2016/) Download paper on smelting  Download paper on sustainability